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Periodontology - Treatment of Gum Diseases

The periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that occur in the gums and tissues supporting the teeth.


When we cannot provide the desired level of oral hygiene, the reaction of the body to the infection caused by the increasing number of bacteria in our oral environment is called gingivitis. Unfortunately, the majority of our society has this inflammatory condition.

Contrary to the healthy gingival appearance, the gum in dark red may manifest itself while brushing our teeth or by spontaneous bleeding and sometimes acute pains.

What is gum disease?

It is an inflammatory disease that affects the gums and the tissues to which the teeth are attached and supported. When adhering to periodic dentist checks, it is recognized by the dentist in the early period and is easily treated.

However, in case of delay, it is the major cause of the tooth loss, but studies performed in recent years have shown that it also increases the severity of some systemic diseases.

What is gingivitis?

The gingivitis or gum inflammation is generally the earliest period of the gum disease and the inflammation is limited to the gingivitis. In this process, the gums have lost their tight, form, pink and healthy appearance; on the contrary, it is red, edematous and bleeding conditions.

If it is left untreated, it prepares the basis for more serious periodontal diseases in later stages. The gum inflammation can easily be overcome with the dental calculus cleaning, plaque cleaning, and good oral hygiene. It is easy to treat, but success can only be achieved in collaboration with the dentist and patient.

What is periodontitis?

The periodontitis is an advanced form of the periodontal diseases and the supportive tissues supporting the teeth have been lost to some extent. An area called “pocket” is formed between the tooth and gingiva and the disease progresses more easily and destruction of the supporting bone occurs as a result of this pocket. In conclusion, the teeth begin to loose and can be lost when they are left untreated.

Dişeti hastalığının genel belirtileri nelerdir?
  • Diş fırçalama sırasında veya kendi kendine olan kanamalar,
  • Diş etlerinde kırmızılık,
  • Akut ağrılar,
  • İltihabi akıntıların görülmesi,
  • Sallanan veya yer değiştirmiş dişler,
  • Eski protezlerin uyumlarında bozulmalar,
  • Geçmeyen ve uzun süren ağız kokusu…
Periodontal küretaj nedir?

Periodontal hastalık derin dokulara ilerledikçe yukarda bahsetmiş olduğumuz ‘’cep’’ içerisindeki bakterilerin, doku artıklarının ve diş taşlarının elimine edilip bu cep içerisinin kazınarak temizlenmesi işlemidir.

What are the general symptoms of gum disease?
  • Bleeding during tooth brushing or self-bleeding,
  • Redness of the gums,
  • Acute pains,
  • Appearance of inflammatory currents,
  • Loosing or displaced teeth,
  • Impairment of old prostheses’ accords,
  • Persistent and long-lasting bad breath…
What is periodontal curettage?

As the periodontal disease progresses to the deep tissues, it is the process of cleaning by scraping inside of this pocket and eliminating the bacteria, tissue residues and dental stones in “pocket” that we mentioned above.

What is flap operation?

In cases where the periodontal disease progresses much deeper, the treatment options that we mentioned previously may be insufficient. With the flap operation, the gingival tissue is surgically removed and the area is cleaned by seeing it directly.

This surgical procedure is performed under local anesthesia without pain. Bacteria, inflammatory tissues, residues, and dental stones are removed with the removed gum and closed by suturing.

Is suture made as a result of the periodontal surgery?

As a result of the periodontal surgical treatments, the sutures are made many times in order to provide faster and better recovery of the operation area and these sutures are taken after 1 week.

Is control required after the periodontal treatments?

The periodontal treatments are very valuable treatments for the oral and dental health. For this reason, you should absolutely go to the checks at the intervals that your dentist deems appropriate. Otherwise, your old gingival diseases may relapse again without you notice them and they can sneak forward without you realize them.

Are you afraid of seeing of your gums too much when you laugh?

If your gums look too much when you smile, you might have a smile called “gummy smile”. Even though your tooth size is normal sizes, if the gum covering the tooth is too large, it will show the length of your tooth short and thus result in a low and uneven level of the gum.

The gummy smile is not a dangerous situation and is much more common than you think. However, the patients often decide to take a gummy smile treatment because they are harm their self-confidence and feel discomfort.

What Are the Reasons of “Gummy Smile’’ Seen in People?
Thin Upper Lip

If you have a thin upper lip by birth, your gums will appear more when you laugh.

Development in Childhood Period

In the early stages of development, the initial signs of the gum problem that we mentioned can be seen. In such cases, this problem can be avoided by starting to the brace treatment.

Teeth Abnormally Erupt

In some cases, the teeth do not erupt where they should be by causing more gum to appear.

Gummy Smile Treatment

In Dentostim Clinic, you have many options for the gummy smile treatment. These are as follows;

Gum Shaping

The gum shaping techniques are often used to improve the gingival level. The method of treatment relates to the level of gum that is excess.

Botox Application
In the case of a muscle-induced gummy smile, botulinum toxin is applied in cases where the gum appears too much with raising lip too much due to the excessive muscle movements or mimics.
Orthodontics (Braces)

This method is especially effective in younger patients and will eliminate possible future gum problems.

These treatments are commonly known as crown lengthening procedures and provide a beautiful smile that reveals your teeth by reducing the number of gums occurring when you laugh.

Our Expertise &

Our Treatment

When it comes to dentistry, it is as important to be knowledgeable as it is to be relevant. We share your sensitivity to protect your oral and dental health. We understand and listen to you and care about the communication that we have established throughout your entire treatment process.

3D Dental Volumetric Tomography and Panoramic Radiography

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Bleaching

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Bruxism (Teeth Grinding and Squeezing)

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Digital Dentistry

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Endodontics – Root Channel Treatment

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Gummy Smile

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Implant Treatment

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Inlay and Onlay Porcelain Filling

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Oral, Dental, and Maxillofacial Surgery

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Orthodontic Treatment

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Pedodontics – Pediatric Dentistry

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Periodontology – Treatment of Gum Diseases

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Porcelain Laminate Teeth

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Tooth Prosthesis

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Zirconium Teeth

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